A Short History of Football and Volleyball

 By: Tauqeer Hassan
Football is also known as American Football is famous in America while Volleyball is also a very interesting sport and played in every corner of the world. People usually mix football with soccer but it is different and involves two opposing teams of players competing for territory on a football field using a ball and set play with the objective being to get the ball to the goal line of the opposing team by either scoring a running touchdown or kicking the ball over the post and between the uprights of the goal. On the other hand, Volleyball is a sport played in a court by two teams that which consists of six players each divided with a net between them. A ball is hit with a hand across the net by the player and the objective is to score points by grounding the ball against the opposing team.

There is no goal defender in Football and it is much similar to Rugby and Australian Rules Football where all team members play a defensive and offensive role during the game. In Volleyball, each team is allowed only three contacts with the ball before returning it to the other side.

Rugby sport is the ancestor of Football which was invented in England during the 1860s although its background is common to soccer dating back to at least the middle ages. The American Football is in fact native to North America and older versions of the sport were played in the early 1800s at Princeton. A game was called Mintonette which was similar to Badminton and this game was very helpful in setting the rules for Volleyball.

American football started from college level. From time to time, changes were made in American Football and the new changes were so successful that non college teams based around community athletic clubs were made and they began to compete against each other. In 1920, the National Football League (NFL) was formed and its rules were the same as of college football with the noted difference that players became professional and they did not require a separate job.

Although Volleyball was a popular sport but it struggled to develop a league of teams with a view of their regular competitions with each other. The end of Second World War resulted in international recognition of Volleyball as a global sport.

Volleyball was played at international level for the first time in 1955 in America at the Pan American Games. The sport was played for the first time in the Olympics in 1964. A new and unique version of Volleyball was also introduced which was called Beach Volleyball. In this version there was only a slight difference and team members were reduced to just two players each.

Volleyball is more played than American football. It would take time for American football to reach in other corners of the world to get more popular.
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