Cross Country Skiing - An Introduction

 By: Jack Smith
Considered to be one of the best aerobic exercises, cross country skiing is also called Nordic skiing or XC skiing. It involves the simultaneous use of ones arms and legs and making use of skiing equipment like boots, skis and poles.

Cross country skiing, finds its origins in Scandinavia and is over 4000 years old. It used to be the sole method of transportation for these snow and ice-bound regions. Today, cross country skiing has come a long way from being a mode of transportation to a major competitive sport, played at the Olympic level.

Did you know that a third of all medals are awarded for Cross Country Skiing and other Nordic sports? Nordic sports include the biathlon, which combines cross country skiing with rifle marksmanship and ski jumping; Nordic combined, which is a combined scoring of jumping and cross country skiing events; ski orienting, which is a marker search on skis with aid of compass and map; and telemark, a recent technique which involves using a free heel like cross country skiing.

Beginners are often confused about the difference between cross country and alpine or downhill skiing. Of course one can surmise that downhill skiing involves coming down slopes - we've all seen that in the movies! But the technical difference in the skis is that in XC Skiing, the skier's heel is free, that is, only the toe is attached to the boot. This allows the skier to climb, slide down, and navigate the terrain making it a truly cross country sport. In alpine skiing and even snowboarding, the skier's entire boot is attached to the ski, and thus one can only come down on the skis or snow board. Although cross country skiing today is not as popular as downhill skiing, it is an ancient sport and mode of travel, and the ancestor from which downhill skiing and snowboarding have been derived in the recent times.

Also called Langlauf in German and Ski de Fond in French, cross country skiing mostly takes place on prepared and signed trails called 'Lopie'. These are graded in order of difficulty, form blue to black, or from easiest to the toughest, the latter having more climbs and descents. Overall, most cross country skiing trails are on relatively flat terrain and therefore found at the bottom of a valley or on a high mountain plateau. You could also ski 'off-track', where you find your own trail. Off-track ski conditions, on the other hand, are up to the weather and any previous skiers. For instance, one can have a great experience with previously "skied-in" tracks. Did you know that in places like Finland, in the smaller towns, you will often find children making their way to school in the morning on their skis!
Artice Source:

Related Articles in Skiing

People interested in the above article are also interested in the related articles listed below:

Residing in a country where approximately 80 per cent in the population live along the coastline, it's no wonder that jet skis are incredibly well-liked. We will take a closer look at one in the a good number of well-known and well-liked jet skis on earth in today's guide, the Sea Doo jet skis.
You'll want to ensure that you possibly can use a brand new jetski prior to you venture out and shell out a reputable sum of funds on 1. They're going to turn out to be dangerous inside the inappropriate control, which implies for you to need to treat them incredibly seriously.
As well as remaining one of the most breathtaking locations for skiing in France, Val d'Isere has a special claim to fame in the history of skiing as a sport. For any aspirant competitor or skiing enthusiast in the chalet, Val d'Isere offers a unique opportunity to ski on a course used by professional competitors at the World Ski Championships. When it comes to sport skiing, Val d'Isere offers the chance to follow in the ski-tracks of world-class skiers.

More in Skiing

Excellent, Larry. Thank you for taking the new article directory technology and making it work to the max. I encourage everyone to keep contributing and contributing regularly. I can attest to the fact that this site is already a strong directory in a field of many. Kudos to Larry!

Matthew C. Keegan
The Article Writer


I find it a delight to use both as an author and a publisher. It is full of nice little surprises that make the whole process of writing, reading and publishing articles a complete delight. This is one that comes out tops and beats the rest hands down.

Eric Garner
Managing Director


I did a Google search and came across your site. It was exactly what I was looking for and was elated to find such a broad range of articles. As I am launching a free magazine in a small town in Florida, I wanted to be as resourceful as possible while still being able to provide some content that is interesting and well written. Your site has all the variables in the mix. Excellent Site hitting all the notes in the scale sort of speak.

Mo Montana
Florida, USA

Article Topics

Copyright © 2005 - by Larry Lim, Singapore - Article Search Engine Directory at™
All Rights Reserved Worldwide. All Trademarks and Servicemarks are the property of the respective owners.
ArabicBulgarianCatalanChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CzechDanishDutchEnglishEstonianFinnishFrenchGermanGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIndonesianItalianJapaneseKoreanLatvianLithuanianNorwegianPersianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwedishThaiTurkishUkranianVietnamese