Basic symptoms that stem from a rash are easy enough to discern. But did you know that many times those rashes have nothing to do with an infection? When we have these itchy skin scales, the majority of time they come from what's referred to as eczema. This condition represents the inflammation of the outer layer of the skin known as the epidermis.
Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema that does not come from infections. Atopic dermatitis's main symptoms are the scalp, arms, legs and torso all being covered with scaly patches in addition to one's facial cheeks being chapped. It is hereditary and will usually begin to show around the age of early childhood. Later the condition spreads to other parts of the body. This usually entails the symptoms spreading towards the inner elbow and knees during the teenage years and then the hands, eye areas, and the genitals during adulthood. During the most serious of cases it will spread over every one of these parts of the body. In most cases it will look red, swollen, and cracked. The worse case scenarios are when it will ooze out tissue fluid and then crust over itself.
There is a bit of a misnomer as atopic refers to diseases that are associated with allergies, when in reality atopic dermatitis rarely stems from anything allergic-related. Eczema will usually come on its own schedule as opposed to be brought about by the usual allergic suspects of foods, soaps, and detergents.
It must be noted however that eczema does usually rear its ugly head when the air is cold and dry during the months of winter. Frequent washing can aggravate the situation and cause the condition to be a little more entrenched. Moisturizing will not help as the skin is not dry but inflamed.
Luckily the degree of the symptoms do not worsen as we age (although they are found on different part of the body) and it is not contagious. In fact the instances when it is usually most serious are during childhood. For some the condition is worse during the summer months while others do not experience seasonal fluctuation. The last piece in its description is that atopic dermatitis is a dormant condition. This signifies that one can considerably suffer its symptoms to then have them subside for years and years, to then only come strongly back without warning or reason.
The first step for effective eczema relief and to prevent further inflammation is to stop the itching. Although very tempting, this irritates the condition which then makes it last longer and could potentially expand it. After not scratching, apply prescription strength steroids that come in the form of cortisone creams. Use only mild strength creams for when the condition is found on children or on sensitive areas of the skin such as the face or groin. These will have steroid strengths of 0.5% to 1%. Use more potent cortisone creams as adult or on the thicker skinned parts of the body such as the trunks, arms and legs. The stronger medicinal creams containing the steroid formula are clobetasol, triamcinolone, and fluocinonide. Nonsteroid remedies include Burrow's solution, a pharmacological preparation made of aluminum acetate dissolved in water that has antibacterial properties, can help dry up atopic dermatitis in its oozy stages.
Artice Source: http://www.articlesphere.com
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