How to Treat and Prevent The Common Cold

 By: Barney Garcia
Prevention

There is no way to prevent the cold, or any infection from happening, but if you build up a strong immune system, you will fight it off much quicker. You can naturally boost your immune system by eating well (including lots of fruits and veggies), quitting smoking and staying away from second hand smoke, drinking a lot of water, and being physically active. You can also help avoid getting a cold by minimizing contact with others who are infected by not sharing food or drinks, and having your own beach towels, etc. Since the cold virus can live on materials such as door handles, money, and countertops for several hours, it is important to wash your hands regularly or have hand sanitizer with you at all times. Also remember, when you have a cold, have some curtesy for others who are trying to avoid the same misfortune, and cover your sneezes and wash your hands!

Treatment

Just like with prevention, there is no cure for the common cold. Therefore, the main goal is to do things to make you feel better and recover faster. The first and most important thing is to get lots of rest, perhaps up to 12 hours of sleep each night. You will also want to drink lots of liquids to help clear your congested sinuses. For relief of aches and pains that are accompanied by fever, try taking an over the counter medicine such as Tylenol, and avoid giving Aspirin to children because it can cause the potentially fatal Rays Syndrome. Also, try adding lots of juice, fruits, vegetables and soups to your diet so you can fight off the infection quicker. Other home remedies that can lessen the symptoms of a cold are ginger, which can be grated and steeped in water for a tea, as well as garlic which as immune system boosting effects. Hot baths can also make you feel better because they increase your body's circulation which can help relieve a stuffy head, and congested lungs or nose. Some people also believe that taking a bit of rum or brandy in a hot drink will help treat a cold or flu because the alcohol will kill off germs in the body. However, if you do try this technique, be sure not to drink too much, as this will just result in you feeling worse the next day and a lowering of your immune system.
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According to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly 35 to 50 million people fall prey to influenza during the flu season (November to March), every year. Viral in nature, influenza is a respiratory disease that is highly contagious. In the year 1918, nearly 100 million people died in the influenza pandemic that spread across the world, including remote regions in the arctic and the pacific islands. It was the worst natural disaster the world ever saw.
A common cold is related with the condition of inflammation of the upper respiratory tract which is caused by the infection with common cold viruses. It is also known as acute coryza. In comparison to other disease the occurrence of common cold is frequent. Any person may suffer from the problem of common cold several times in a year. It generally lasts from 3-10 days. The first three days for the patients are very miserable.
While you hardly notice someone sneezing, the virus can transfer to you until you realize you already have colds. The common cold is actually most contagious since they easily spread from one individual to another. It is called this way because it is most recurring and common of all diseases.
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