Menopause and Causes of its Occurence

 By: Benjamin Wee
Usually occurring in the early 50's of the life of a woman, menopause signifies the end of menstrual cycles. After this period, women will no longer be able to give birth to a child and therefore we can define menopause as the transition period from a reproductive life to a non reproductive one. It occurs due to the hormonal changes taking place in the body wherein the number of eggs in the ovary decreases to a very small quantity. At the start of menstrual cycles, a girl usually has about 4 million eggs which decreases considerably to 10,000 during menopause. Most of these eggs die out through a process called Atresia whereas a few of them are lost during the normal monthly cycles.

Menopause is classified in 2 stages- perimenopause and postmenopause. The Perimenopause stage usually sees a hormonal imbalance in your body and may last for a couple of years. Post this, comes the menopause stage during which menstrual cycles stop and the woman can no longer get pregnant. During this period the ovaries stop producing eggs. After this stage, comes the post menopause stage. Doctors believe that eggs develop a repelling effect towards FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) which is responsible for producing them thereby reducing the production of estrogen as well. It is this decrease in the level of estrogen and eggs that make the body unfit for having a baby. Menopause can also be caused due to the side effects of chemotherapy (treatment for cancer). While undergoing chemo, the vagina of a woman may get damaged thereby resulting in menopause.

Menopause is also seen after undergoing hysterectomy where the uterus of a woman is removed via surgery causing a change in the estrogen production. Such drastic changes may cause some hurt to your body. Moreover, the progesterone production in the body becomes almost zero as the age of a woman approaches mid 40's. Progesterone too is fully responsible for the production of eggs by the ovaries in a woman's body. No progesterone means no eggs. The after effects of menopause on some woman may be devastating because it can cause bone loss (osteoporosis) thus they are more prone to fractures. Not only this, it can also cause heart disorders which can be really detrimental to health. Hair loss and changes in hair thickness is commonly seen after menopause.

Whenever you feel some kind of discomfort it's always better to consult a physician because he/she will help you solve this problem. The doctor will advise you certain natural changes like in taking low cholesterol food items in your lifestyle that will help you control menopausal symptoms. For controlling osteoporosis intake of large amounts of calcium should be taken and to prevent weight loss, regular exercising is advised. Apart from these natural treatment processes, applying creams on the vagina will help to get rid of vaginal dryness. The estrogen replacement therapy and hormonal replacement therapy can also help you overcome the symptoms of menopause.
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