Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

 By: Dr Andrew Napier
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is a common hormonal disorder among females considered to be one of the leading causes of infertility. It affects women from 12 to 45 who are in their reproductive age. Another name for PCOS is Stein Leventhal Syndrome. Almost 5% to 15% women are attacked by ovarian cysts. It elevates the level of Androgens or male hormones in the body there by causing menstrual disturbances. Disturbed periods or absence of periods for over three months can be treated as case of PCOS and should be taken care of under a profession physician.

Some most common symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome are disturbed menstruation and acne condition of the skin. Due to the increase in Androgens in the body excessive hair growth and hair loss happens in a male pattern. Other signs are obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, high insulin etc. Skin conditions like oily skin, dandruff and skin discolorization. But above all the case of an irregular menstruation should be treated as a cause for infertility in future and a possible symptom of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

The actual cause of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is still unknown. But scientists after a lot of scientific research have come up with the theory that it is the result of the combination of both genetic as well as environmental conditions. Genes play a vital role in this. A woman who has someone suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in her family is more likely to suffer from it. Another reason is if a person suffers from malfunctioning of the insulin system in the body. Abnormalities like high insulin level or insulin resistance may contribute to the development of PCOS. Hormonal disorder can also cause Polycystic Ovary Syndrome which leads to production of excessive LH hormones in the body. Other reasons may include exposure to male hormones and presence of any chronic inflammation in the body.

Due to their limited success traditional treatment for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome has been superseded by newer methods of treatment. Laparoscopic ovarian drilling is a way of treating excess production of Androgens in the body. What it does is punctures the ovary with a laser or electrosurgical needle. This dramatically reduces the production of male hormones. However, since smokers do not respond to this. Medication is advisable since they have rare side effects and brings insulin, cholesterol, blood pressure, obesity, ovulation etc under control. Whatever may the form of medication be, please refer to a professional physician for the same.
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