It is true that acne vulgaris is a common skin problem especially among teenagers. However, sometimes young people develop one of the four types of severe acne: acne conglobata, acne fulminans, nodulocystic acne, and gram negative folliculitis. These forms of acne require special attention by a medical professional.
In fact, every single one of these forms of acne can lead to extensive or severe scarring. In order to keep them from developing into scars, it is necessary to treat them adequately and in due time.
Characteristics of Severe Acne
First, take a look at each one of these types of acne and discover their main characteristics.
This type of acne is a persistent form of acne vulgaris. It is mostly characterized by deep abscesses, severe skin damage, inflammation, and scarring. There may also be noticeable and widespread blackheads.
Men are more prone to suffer this form of acne. There are times when this type of acne can appear in acne that has been dormant for many years.
Acne fulminans is a sudden onset of destructive inflammation which usually presents itself with severe acne, fever, and aching joints. A person who has this type of acne usually had an unsuccessful treatment of another form of acne.
Nodulocystic Acne and Cystic Acne
This type of acne can present itself with isolated or generalized acne cysts. These masses are not actually cysts but rather the expansion of the skin's normal structure. In fact, they are better known as nodules.
Gram Negative Folliculitis
This type of acne is caused by a bacterial infection that leads to the inflammation of the follicles and is usually caused by long-term antibiotic treatment.
How to Treat Severe Acne
All of these forms of acne are treated using isotrentinoin. Normally, antibiotics can be prescribed while on isotrentinoin. Even so, you will probably need to undergo a long term treatment to keep these types of acne under control. Here is a list of the more specific treatment options available for each type of acne.
Isotrentinoin and antibiotics are usually enough to keep acne conglobata under control. Long term care is the best way to keep it from recurring.
Long term use of isotretinoin may be necessary to control this type of acne. Steroids may also be used to reduce inflammation.
In order to help melt the nodule most cystic acne treatments may include the injection of intralesional steroids.
Gram Negative Folliculitis
Isotretinoin isn't the only way of treating this condition, in fact, gram negative bacteria can also be used.
Artice Source: http://www.articlesphere.com
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