Short Leg Syndrome: Pain Relief, Part Two | Disease And Conditions

Short Leg Syndrome: Pain Relief, Part Two

 By: Erik Dalton
A highly debated postural issue begging for a reasonable explanation is the "short right-leg syndrome" (Fig. 1). Although an inferred awareness of right-sided limb-length shortness has existed for centuries, along with decades of published research, no one has provided a universally acceptable answer to two very important questions:

1. Why the unusual regularity of short right legs seen in clinic?
2. How does this common postural pattern trigger compensatory hip, back and pelvic pain?

Let's start by reviewing notable research regarding functional and structural short right legs and then discuss theories, assessments and corrections that help deal with this troublesome disorder. As Sir William Osler once stated, "In order to treat something, we must first be able to recognize it." Any endeavor to tackle limb-length discrepancy and associated compensations, armed with inadequate evaluation tools, surely will lead to failure and frustration. In the absence of radiographic measurements, massage therapists must develop keen palpatory and visual skills for detecting osseous and soft-tissue dysfunction. Aberrant patterns are best known and classified using the acronym

ART: Asymmetry, Restriction of motion, and Tissue-texture irregularity. Although many tests and treatment modalities have proven successful in treating short legs and associated compensations, we'll focus on only a few fundamental myoskeletal techniques that add to your toolbox of touch.
Fig. 1. Anatomic (structural) short right leg
Fig. 2. Short right leg producing contralateral pelvic rotation.
Fig. 3. Low right-femoral head and sacral base with compensatory lumbar scoliosis (sidebent left, rotated right).

Leg Length and Back Pain
In two deftly designed studies (1962 and 1983), Denslow and Chase measured leg-length discrepancy in 361 and 294 subjects presenting with low back pain.1 Using the most sophisticated radiographic technology currently available, their papers (published in the American Academy of Osteopathy) reported the following findings concerning limb-length discrepancy:
Significant incidence of short right legs (66 percent);
Lumbar convexity to the short leg side (sidebent left - rotated right); and
A high correlation illustrating contralateral (left) pelvic rotation. (Fig. 2)
By comparing sagittal-plane femoral-head height and sacral base angulation (Fig. 3), the authors concluded that innominate bones rotate around the sacrum (iliosacral tilt). Transverse plane images revealed that the pelvis also can rotate as a block around the vertical lumbar spine. Denslow and Chase's pioneering work helped biomedical researchers understand how shortened limbs torsion the pelvis, creating painful lumbar compensations. Their data not only confirmed leg-length findings conducted by previous researchers but also prompted new, more sophisticated imaging studies. In 2004, John H. Juhl, DO, testified that 68 percent of 421 low back pain patients presented radiographically with short right legs.

Functional Leg-Length Assessments
Through the years, manual therapists have made available many creative ways to differentiate functional (fixable) from structural (true) limb-length differences. Screening exams taught in educational programs often place too much emphasis on supine leg-length assessment in determining pelvic disorders. Frequently, one leg will appear shorter during visual observation of the supine client's medial malleoli (Fig. 4) when, in fact, the leg lengths actually are equal or just the opposite of how they appear radiographically when standing. For example, in the presence of a true (structural) short right leg, standing ASIS measurements should show an inferior slope on the short side. However, when the client lies supine (removed from vertical gravitational compression), the left leg may unexpectedly test shorter than the right. While a lot of factors may contribute to this finding, one of the most common culprits is length/strength imbalance in deep intrinsic postural muscles such as the quadratus lumborum (QL). When unilaterally short and tight, the QL can 'hip hike' the left ilium as the client begins to have an off-weighted supine posture. Awkwardness mounts as the left leg now appears shorter than the right.

Figure 5 presents an helpful contract/relax/assist maneuver to lengthen the hypercontracted left QL.
loading...
Author:
Artice Source: http://www.articlesphere.com

Related Articles in Disease And Conditions

People interested in the above article are also interested in the related articles listed below:

Acidity and acid pain is one of the commonest health related search terms on internet and many suffer from such kind of condition where the person feels symptoms such as pain, nausea, sensation of vomiting, chest pain, heartburn, sore throat, asthma, excess saliva and acid refluxes Herbozyme capsule is one of the natural remedies to reduce acidity. It helps to improve functioning of digestive system without side effects.
Leaky gut, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, poor metabolism, fatigue, uneasiness, abdominal pain, heartburn, acid reflux, ulcers and other bowel problems are caused due to poor digestion functions in body. Study indicates at least 40 percent of people suffer from gut problems one time and most of the symptoms of the problem are taken for granted. Herbozyme capsule is one of the natural methods to improve digestion process. It improves absorption of nutrients into the body for better health.
Loading...
Loading...

More in Disease And Conditions

Excellent, Larry. Thank you for taking the new article directory technology and making it work to the max. I encourage everyone to keep contributing and contributing regularly. I can attest to the fact that this site is already a strong directory in a field of many. Kudos to Larry!

Matthew C. Keegan
The Article Writer

 
I find it a delight to use both as an author and a publisher. It is full of nice little surprises that make the whole process of writing, reading and publishing articles a complete delight. This is one that comes out tops and beats the rest hands down.

Eric Garner
Managing Director
ManageTrainLearn

 
I did a Google search and came across your site. It was exactly what I was looking for and was elated to find such a broad range of articles. As I am launching a free magazine in a small town in Florida, I wanted to be as resourceful as possible while still being able to provide some content that is interesting and well written. Your site has all the variables in the mix. Excellent Site hitting all the notes in the scale sort of speak.

Mo Montana
Florida, USA

Article Topics

 
Copyright © 2005 - by Larry Lim, Singapore - Article Search Engine Directory at ArticleSphere.com™
All Rights Reserved Worldwide. All Trademarks and Servicemarks are the property of the respective owners.
العربيةБългарскиCatala简体中文繁體中文ČeštinaDanskNederlandsEnglishEestiSuomiFrançaisDeutschΕλληνικάAyiti kreooliעבריתHindiMagyarBahasa IndonesiaItaliano日本語한국어LatviešuLietuviųNorskPersianPolskiPortuguêsRomânРусскийSlovenskýSlovenskiEspañolSvenskaไทยTürkçeУкраїнськаtieng Viet