Heart and It's function The heart has four chambers. The two lower pumping chambers of the heart which are known as the ventricles, and the two upper filling chambers which are known as the atria. In normal blood circulation, blood that returns from the body have low percentage of oxygen flows to the right-side filling chamber called the right atrium . This blood is then passed to the right-side pumping chamber called right ventricle.This blood is then passed to the lungs to receive oxygen. Then the oxygen-enriched blood comes back to the left-side filling chamber called left atrium and then moves to the left-sided pumping chamber called left ventricle. Now this blood rich in oxygen is pumped out to the body through the aorta, a large blood vessel that carries blood to the smaller blood vessels in the body to deliver oxygen. The right and left-sided pumping chambers called the ventricles are separated by shared wall called the ventricular septum.
What is Septal Defect?
The ventricles are the 2 lower chambers of the heart. The wall between them is called the septum. A hole in the septum is called a septal defect. Ventricular septal defect is a hole in the wall between the right and left ventricles of the heart. This abnormality generally develops before birth and is found most unfortunately in infants. Atrial septal defect is the hole present between the upper chambers or atria. Infants may be born with either or both types of defects. These conditions are known as "holes in the heart." The risk for these problems depends on the size of the hole in the septum and how well the infant's lungs function. Based on research it has been estimated that approximately eight in 1,000 newborns have congenital heart disease (CHD). A Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most frequent of the various types of congenital heart disease (25%-30% of all CHD). Datas reveals that approximately one infant in 500 are born with a VSD. T
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